Κυριακή, 5 Ιανουαρίου 2014

Μεταφραστικά ζητήματα

Στις 30 του Μάρτη, το Κορεατικό Πρακτορείο ειδήσεων (KCNA) δημοσίευσε στα αγγλικά μια δήλωση κήρυξης πολέμου εναντίον της Νότιας Κορέας και των Αμερικανών συμμάχων της εκ μέρους της Λαϊκής Δημοκρατίας της [Βόρειας] Κορέας. Την ίδια μέρα, ο ανταποκριτής της Voice of America έγραφε στο twitter ότι αυτή η κύρηξη πολέμου δεν αναφέρθηκε καν στο βραδινό δελτίο ειδήσεων της Βόρειας Κορέας, για να λάβει την απάντηση από άλλον σχολιαστή ότι ουσιαστικά ή "κήρυξη πολέμου" δεν ήταν κήρυξη πολέμου αλλά "λεκτικό παιχνίδι":

Σε άρθρο του για την κήρυξη πολέμου που δεν αντιμετωπίστηκε απ' τους ίδιους τους Βορειοκορεάτες ως κήρυξη πολέμου και για το πόσο δύσκολο είναι, ακόμα και για γνώστες της κορεατικής με άμεση επαφή με την περιοχή, να κατανοήσουν βασικά γεγονότα και προθέσεις στη χώρα, ο Adam Cathcart δίνει το εξής παράδειγμα: Η μεγαλύτερη βορειοκορεατική εφημερίδα, η Rodong Sinmun (Εργατική εφημερίδα) δημοσίευσε το κείμενο της κήρυξης πολέμου σε τρεις γλώσσες: κορεατικά, αγγλικά και κινέζικα.

- Στα αγγλικά (και συνεπώς για δυτικούς αναγνώστες), ο τίτλος ήταν: "Οι σχέσεις Βορρά-Νότου έχουν μπει σε κατάσταση πολέμου: Ειδική Δήλωση της Λαϊκής Δημοκρατίας της Κορέας" (“North-South Relations Have Been Put at State of War: Special Statement of DPRK").

- Στα κινέζικα (και συνεπώς για κινέζους αναγνώστες), ο τίτλος ήταν: "Η κυβέρνηση, τα πολιτικά κόμματα, και οι οργανώσεις της ΛΔΚ επαναλαμβάνουν ότι κανείς στον κόσμο δεν μπορεί να ξεφύγει το δίκιο του πολέμου για την ενοποίηση [ενν. της Κορεατικής χερσονήσου], ούτε την θαρραλέα έγερση των Βορειοκορεατών στρατιωτών και όλης της φυλής" (朝鲜政府政党团体重申世上没人能抵挡为正义的祖国统一大战而奋起的朝鲜军民和全民族).

- Στα κορεατικά (για τους ντόπιους αναγνώστες), ο τίτλος ήταν: "Ειδική δήλωση της κυβέρνησης, των πολιτικών κομμάτων και οργανώσεων της ΛΔΚ" (조선민주주의인민공화국 정부,정당,단체 특별성명).

Ευτυχώς που εμείς οι Έλληνες είμαστε τρομερά έξυπνος λαός και μπορούμε να παρακάμπτουμε τα προβλήματα πολιτικής ερμηνείας που αντιμετωπίζουν οι ειδικοί στην περιοχή και γνώστες της κορεατικής και της κινεζικής με αποφθέγματα περί φυσιογνωμικής και του βαθύτερου νοήματος του "ολοστρόγγυλου προσώπου".

4 σχόλια:

  1. Πες πες...
    Στη Ν. Κορέα όμως, είναι ελεύθεροι! Καμία δικτατορία. Και προσφέρουν υπέροχα υστερικά και σεξιστικά τραγουδάκια, πρώτα στο youtube.

    http://tro-mpa-xtiko.blogspot.gr/2014/01/1-139-2012.html

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    1. Φυσικά είναι ελεύθεροι. ΜΟΝΟ 7 χρόνια φυλακή τρως αν κάνεις retweet από το twitter account της ΛΔΚ:

      South Korean man faces jail for retweeting North Korean Twitter messages

      24 year old man is facing up to seven years in jail in South Korea after he retweeted messages on Twitter that were sent by neighbouring North Korea’s government.

      Update below with more details of the tweets.

      According to a report from the AFP, Park Jeong-Geun has been detained as a national security threat since being arrested last month for re-tweeting the messages, which included “Long Live General Kim Jong-Il”. However, Park claims that he acted to ridicule the rival nation’s leaders rather than endorse the sentiments of the tweets.

      Park is a member of the the South Korean Socialist Party which has regularly criticised the North Korean regime for the ill-treatment of its people. Nonetheless, he has been branded “an enemy” of his own country for his actions and, under Korean laws that prevent praise of its neighbour, he could be imprisoned for up to seven years.

      Amnesty International (AI) has led calls for his release. In a statement Sam Zarifi, the organisation’s Asia-Pacific director, said:

      This is not a national security case, it’s a sad case of the South Korean authorities’ complete failure to understand sarcasm.

      Imprisoning anyone for peaceful expression of their opinions violates international law but in this case, the charges against Park Jeong-Geun are simply ludicrous and should be dropped immediately.

      Zarifi further added that the laws, which were introduced to protect national security, are in fact being used to “intimidate people and limit their rights to free speech” in the country.

      Last year South Korean authorities stepped up the crackdown on pro North Korean comments online after comments had gone “beyond what can be tolerated within the freedom of expression”.

      North Korea has been using Twitter under the @uriminzok account since August 2010. The (open) Worldwide Web is heavily restricted in the communist state, where instead the population is given access to “Kwangmyong”. This closed network intranet hosts between 1,300 and 5,500 pages of information from state departments and can be accessed from public e-libraries and Internet cafes.

      Park’s detention has similarities to a case in China, which saw a female activist sentenced to a year in labour camps for retweeting a satirical joke. AI led protests against the punishment which were ultimately unsuccessful.

      Update: The New York Times has more details of the tweets sent by Park, including:

      In his Twitter postings, Mr. Park compared himself to “The Young General,” the North Korean term for Kim Jong-un, because he inherited his photo studio from his father. He also posted Web links to North Korean propaganda songs. In a North Korean poster that he altered and uploaded on Twitter, he replaced a swarthy North Korean soldier’s face with a downcast version of his own and the soldier’s rifle with a bottle of whisky.
      http://thenextweb.com/asia/2012/02/02/south-korean-man-faces-jail-for-retweeting-north-korean-twitter-messages/#!ro3VO

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    2. Ε, άντε, δέκα χρόνια φυλακή στη χειρότερη:

      Following @uriminzok? It Can Land You In Jail! (If You Are South Korean)
      Posted on September 28, 2010 by Michele Travierso — Leave a comment ↓
      Many South Koreans are both curious and fearful about Kim Jong-il’s new Twitter account. Given his status as the world’s most dangerous dictator, it’s no surprise that people want to know what he had for breakfast. Unfortunately, following @uriminzok could land you in jail if you’re South Korean. According to the National Security Law, “any person who corresponds or communicates with an anti-government group is subject to a maximum jail term of 10 years,” Korea Times said.
      https://micheletravierso.wordpress.com/2010/09/28/following-uriminzok-it-can-land-you-in-jail-i/

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    3. Ψψψψψ, το χουν ξεφτιλίσει στη δημοκρατία. Σ' αυτόν έριξαν μόνο δύο με αναστολή:

      South Korea man escapes jail for retweeting North Korean messages
      A SOUTH KOREAN man has been given a suspended sentence after being found guilty of retweeting propagandist messages posted on Twitter by North Korea’s official news agency.
      The man, 55, was given a two-year sentence for habitually retweeting messages posted on the @uriminzok account – which tweets links to stories from the Uriminzokkiri (‘Our Own Nationals’) agency, considered an official State mouthpiece.
      The man – identified only by his surname, Cho – was convicted by a court in Seoul of breaching the country’s new laws on national security, introduced in attempts to stop the spread of what is deemed unsafe material from north of the border.
      Cho had apparently retweeted the messages to his 3,000-or-so followers from August, when the @uriminzok account was created, until December when he was apprehended.
      AFP reported how the court ruled his actions could have posted a threat “to South Korea’s national interest”, rejecting defences that Cho was merely passing on news about the country’s northern neighbour.
      It was in December that South Korean officials had warned that any citizen who was caught interacting with North Korea, or anybody based there, over the Twitter service would be prosecuted.
      The ‘retweet’ function was specifically specifically named as one of the acts forbidden by the country’s new policies.
      Those policies were prompted by the ongoing dispute between the two Korean nations over the November shelling of Yeonpyeong Island, in which four people were killed.
      http://www.thejournal.ie/south-korea-man-escapes-jail-for-retweeting-north-korean-messages-123712-Apr2011/

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